OK, so not everyone knows exactly what they are talking about when they claim a gluten-free diet…But if we are going to be so critical about details, Jimmy Kimmel should know it’s inaccurate to say that you can’t be be pro-pizza AND anti-gluten! In fact, it is more possible now than ever before. Without people like the four highlighted in his video…grocery shopping for glutards like me would so limited!
Eating is a very personal ritual, and you don’t have to justify why you do or do not put certain things in your body. But you would certainly come across better if you had some good answers to some very common questions. Gluten-Free followers–Don’t let Jimmy catch you with your pants down! Familiarize yourself with some novice vocabulary:
Gluten: is comprised of two types of PROTEINS (gliadin and glutenin) found in CERTAIN GRAINS (wheat, barley, and rye). In general it is hard to digest and has been found to be pro-inflammatory. Note: Oats do not contain gluten but are often processed/grown in areas where they have a high likelihood of contamination. BuckWHEAT is actually gluten-free. GLUTINOUS rice is a sticky rice that doesn’t actually contain gluten. Soy sauce usually contain small amounts of gluten.
Celiac Disease: an autoimmune disorder of the small intestine that causes inflammation to the absorptive lining, in the context of a gluten-laced diet. Definitive test is a small intestine biopsy, but blood tests can help identify people who might be Celiac. Tissue transglutaminase antibody (tTG IgA) and Endomysial antibody (EMA IgA) tests are more reliable than the Antigliadin antibody tests (IgA and IgG).
Food Allergy: a reaction to allergens, usually mediated by IgE and mast cells. The severity of the reaction to wheat products can be variable just as it is with other food products (such as peanuts, shellfish, milk, eggs, soy)…some people could die from severe anaphylaxis and airway obstruction or just have a minor skin reaction where hives crop up. Skin prick or RAST testing are laboratory measures…or you could try a clinical food challenge/diet elimination trial while keeping a food diary.
Gluten sensitivity: this is a catch-all term that doesn’t pigeon hole you to a specific diagnosis, and most people fall under this category. We don’t know why exactly people react to gluten the way that they do, but symptoms and adverse effects that you may experience are: bloating, diarrhea, constipation, headaches, acne, fatigue, etc.